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Basic English Sentence Patterns

Sandie Barrie-Blackley
posted this on September 29, 2011 21:20

Sentence relationships define the functions of the 8 parts of speech: nouns, verbs (including auxiliary verbs), adjectives, adverbs, articles, conjunctions, pronouns, and prepositions). 

 

Prerequisite knowledge:  What is a noun?    What is a verb?   What is a sentence?  

There are six basic or simple sentence patterns:

  1. Subject/Predicate, Action Verb
  2. Subject/Predicate, Action Verb/Direct Object
  3. Subject/Predicate, Action Verb/Adverb
  4. Subject/Predicate, Linking Verb/Predicate Nominative
  5. Subject/Predicate, Linking Verb/Predicate Adjective
  6. Subject/Predicate, Action Verb/Indirect Object/Direct Object

Examples of the six basis sentence types:

1. Subject/Predicate, Action Verb

  • The class studied.
  • The students and the teacher read.
  • The students sat and read.
  • The students and the teacher sat and read.

 2. Subject/Predicate, Action Verb/Direct Object

  • The class took a test.
  • The class took a test and a quiz.

3. Subject/Predicate, Action Verb/Adverb

  • The class worked carefully.
  • The students sit here.
  • The class worked like a team.
  • Before school, in the gym, the class worked like a team.
  • In the gym, the class worked like a team before school.
  • Like a team, the class worked before school in the gym.

4. Subject/Predicate, Linking Verb/Predicate Nominative

  • The teacher is Mr. Soto.
  • The teachers are Mr. Soto and Ms. Lin

 5. Subject/Predicate, Linking Verb/Predicate Adjective

  • The teacher is kind.
  • Ms. Kin is kind and helpful.

6. Subject/Predicate, Action Verb/Indirect Object/Direct Object

  • The teacher gave the class a test.
  • Mr. Soto gave Kim and John a test.